Router Security Router Bugs Flaws Hacks and Vulnerabilities Website by     
Michael Horowitz 
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If you care about the security of your router, and you should, it is best to avoid consumer grade routers. On the whole, the software in these routers is buggy as heck. Below is what I base this opinion on.

This page documents the existence of bugs in routers. Starting April 2018, I also track routers in the news which details the exploitation of router flaws.

You may be thinking that all software is buggy, but router software is probably worse. One reason for this is your ISP, which may have configured the router/gateway in an insecure way, either on purpose, to allow spying, or out of laziness or incompetence. Another reason is cost: router software is developed as cheaply as possible.

BIG BUGS: A number of flaws stand out. The port 32764 issue from January 2014 and April 2014 for example. A router backdoor was exposed, then instead of being removed, was just better hidden. Another flaw not to be missed is the Misfortune Cookie from December 2014. Then, of course, there is WPS, the electronic equivalent of a "hack me" sign on your back. Other huge flaws involved UPnP being exposed to the Internet and file sharing on a USB port.

THE US GOVERNMENT IS MAD AS HELL: In January 2017, the FTC accused D-Link of leaving its routers and webcam devices vulnerable to hackers. A lawsuit alleged that D-Link "failed to take reasonable steps to protect their routers and IP cameras from widely known and reasonably foreseeable risks of unauthorized access." D-Link was also accused of misleading the public about the security of their devices. D-Link denied they did anything bad. More below.

This page has bugs from 2018 and 2017. Older bugs, from 2016 through 2012, are available at the bottom of this page. To see all the bugs on one B_I_G web page (makes it easy to find all the issues for any one manufacturer) click this button ==>

2018

MARCH 2018

A H-U-G-E number of Cisco bugs

March 2018 Semiannual Cisco IOS and IOS XE Software Security Advisory Bundled Publication
by Cisco   Doc ID: ERP-66682   March 28, 2018
Cisco has released patches for 34 bugs, mostly to IOS and IOS XE. The bugs include three critical remote code execution flaws. To put this in perspective, Peplink has never released fixes for 34 bugs at once. They don't have that many bugs. One reason there were so many patches is that Cisco only releases bug fixes twice a year (March and September). This is a miserable way to maintain software. One critical flaw in IOS XE is an undocumented user account with a default username and password. An attacker could use this account to remotely connect to a vulnerable device. Just disgraceful. Another flaw is a remote code execution bug in the QoS subsystem of IOS and IOS XE. The problem is due to incorrect bounds checking of certain parameters sent to UDP port 18999. The bug that got press attention is in Smart Install. This should have been called Lazy Install. It is software for deploying new IOS and IOS XE switches and routers to a remote site while configure everything from headquarters. Smart Install was meant to make life easy for system administrators. As such, the Smart Install protocol does not require authentication. In Feb. 2017 Cisco warned about how insecure the Smart install Protocol was and suggested using their newer Network Plug and Play feature instead. Devices running the Smart Install client have TCP port 4786 open by default. Adding to the poor design is a bug - a stack-based buffer overflow enables an attacker to remotely execute arbitrary code without authentication. This is as bad as bad gets. Remote unauthenticated attackers can get full control of vulnerable devices. In all the time I have been following Peplink, they have never had one bug as severe as this. Since Smart Install was intended for internal use, at first, it was though this bug could only be exploited internally. But no. Embedi, the company that found the flaw, found 8.5 million devices that have the vulnerable port open on the Internet. Of those, only 250,000 were vulnerable to the flaw. The timeline here is shameful. Embedi discovered the flaw in May 2017. In September 2017 Cisco said they were still working on a fix and now, at the end of March 2018, it is finally released. These bugs were exploited a few days after the fixes were released. See the Routers in the news page for details.

New VPN client router Vilfo has poor security

Vilfo VPN router review
by Daniel Aleksandersen for is CTRL blog   March 20, 2018
Vilfo is a 5-person company about to launch a new VPN client router. Both the router and the company are offshoots of the Swedish VPN service provider OVPN. The hardware is high end and the software is based on OpenWRT/LEDE. A review by Daniel Aleksandersen found many security flaws in the design and operation. The problems start immediately with the initial setup. Quoting: "... the initial setup process in Vilfo's web administration interface happens over HTTP on an unencrypted WiFi connection that is literally broadcast in the clear to your neighborhood. You are required to input a lot of information in the web administration interface before you get the option to enable encryption on the connection. At the very least, you must provide the following: a unique license key for Vilfo, your email address, your username and password for at least one predefined VPN service provider, your desired username and administrative (root) password for the router, and at the end you also input your desired WiFi name and password. All of this information is transmitted in clear-text and can trivially be collected by nearby devices." Other security flaws:

Seems like the UPnP bugs will never die

Inception Framework: Alive and Well, and Hiding Behind Proxies
by Symantec  March 14, 2018
First some background on the bad guys: "The cyber espionage group known as the Inception Framework has significantly developed its operations over the past three years, rolling out stealthy new tools and cleverly leveraging the cloud and the Internet of Things (IoT) in order to make its activities harder to detect ... The nature of Inception’s targets ... along with the capabilities of its tools, indicate that espionage is the primary motive of this group ... Blue Coat was able to determine that the attackers were communicating with CloudMe.com through a hacked network of compromised routers, the majority of which were located in South Korea..." Then how they hide behind a chain of hacked routers: "Inception is continuing to use chains of infected routers to act as proxies and mask communications between the attackers and the cloud service providers they use. Certain router manufacturers have UPnP listening on WAN as a default configuration ... These routers are hijacked by Inception and configured to forward traffic from one port to another host on the internet. Abuse of this service requires no custom malware to be injected on the routers and can be used at scale very easily. Inception strings chains of these routers together to create multiple proxies to hide behind." This is the router bug that will not die. UPnP was never meant to be exposed to the Internet. Yet, back in January 2013, HD Moore, working for Rapid 7, found millions of routers doing just that. According to Symantec, Akamai reports 765,000 devices are currently vulnerable to this attack.

Cisco not immune to security problems

Hardcoded Password Found in Cisco Software
by Catalin Cimpanu of Bleeping Computer   March 8, 2018
As much as I advise against using consumer routers, high end devices from Cisco are also not immune to security problems. They just released 22 security advisories, including one that forced them to admit there was a hard coded password in their Prime Collaboration Provisioning software application. I don't know what that software does, but hard coding a password is a huge mistake and inexcusable (unless the US Government forced them to do this). Their other critical security flaw affected the Cisco Secure Access Control System, which was not as secure as it should have been. A Java deserialization issue allowed an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary commands with root privileges. Put another way, that's as bad as bad gets.

FEBRUARY 2018

Dasan refuses to fix its buggy router

A potent botnet is exploiting a critical router bug that may never be fixed
by Dan Goodin of Ars Technica   Feb. 14, 2018
In October 2017 an independent researcher finds a bug in the Dasan Networks GPON ONT WiFi Router H640X . Specifically, the login_action function uses strcpy without checking the length of input from the client request. This creates a buffer overflow that can lead to remote code execution. It is not clear if the bug also exists in other Dasan devices. The researcher enlists SecuriTeam to contact Dasan. That does not go well, Dasan bascially ignores them. SecuriTeam publishes the details of the flaw in early December 2017. In early February 2018, Radware detects a new botnet where almost all the devices are from Dasant. They call it the Satori.Dasan botnet. Shodan reports about 40,000 devices listening on port 8080, with over half located in Vietnam. Satori infections don't survive a device reboot, so that's one defensive measure. If your router can set firewall rules, block 185.62.188.88 which is the C and C server for the botnet.

Netgear has fixed multiple bugs including a doozy

Wish you could log into someone's Netgear box without a password? Summon a &genie=1
by Iain Thomson for The Register   February 9, 2018
Good news: Netgear fixed a lots of bugs affecting many of their routers. Bad news: lots of bugs, patching is a manual process that few router owners do and the flaws were found by Trustwave, not by Netgear.
-- The worst bug is vulnerable on the LAN side only, assuming Remote Administration is disabled. Anyone that can access the web-based configuration interface, can gain control of vulnerable routers without a password by simply adding "&genie=1" to the URL. The Security Checklist page has suggested ways to lock down LAN side access to a router (item 3). The flaw was discovered in March 2017 and the patch released in September 2017. 17 router models are affected.
-- Another flaw, in the genie_restoring.cgi script can be abused to extract files and passwords both from the router and from USB flash drived plugged into the router. 17 routers vulnerable here too. The flaw was discovered in March 2017 and the patch issued in August 2017.
-- A bug with WPS, leaves 6 Netgear routers vulnerable to arbitrary code execution as root for two minutes after the WPS button is pressed. This is due to a failure to sanitize hostnames. Simply put, if an attacker can press the WPS button on the router, the router can be completely compromised. This flaw was found in March 2017 and the patch was released in Oct. 2017.
-- The least serious flaw affects 6 routers. After logging in, root level command execution is possible via the device_name parameter on the lan.cgi page. Trustwave also found a three-stage attack leveraging three separate issues that lets any user connected to the router run OS commands as root on the device without providing any credentials.
-- See the October 2017 and November 2017 descriptions below of the bugs that Netgear fixed. Fixing bugs in a somewhat timely manner is good, but at some point you have to lose trust in their code base. And timely is a matter of opinion, these bugs took roughly 6 months to get fixed. Finally, the Netgear bug descriptions (here and here for example) say nothing at all about the nature of the problem. That does not inspire confidence.

Further proof that routers contain old software with known vulnerabilities

Comprehensive Firmware Binary Scan Finds KRACK is "Tip of Iceberg" For Known Wi-Fi Security Vulnerabilities
Press Release from Insignary February 6, 2018
In January 2016, the Wall Street Journal reported on home routers with old software containing known bugs - Rarely Patched Software Bugs in Home Routers Cripple Security. This report, from Insignary, shows that nothing has changed. Insignary does binary-level software composition analysis. In other words, they scan executable code (called firmware when dealing with routers) looking for signatures of open source software, and from those signatures, determine the version/release of the software in the executable code. In November 2017 they scanned the firmware of 32 Wi-Fi routers and found numerous known security vulnerabilities. No zero days here. The routers were from ASUS, Belkin, Buffalo, Cisco, D-Link, EFM, Huawei, Linksys, Netis and TP-Link. Every router had a security vulnerability. A majority of the examined firmware contained components with more than 10 "Severity High" security vulnerabilities. Half of the firmware had "Severity Critical" vulnerabilities. This report is, of course, a plug for their detection software, but that doesn't change the results.

JANUARY 2018

Asus router flaw has been fixed

FortiGuard Labs Discovers Vulnerability in Asus Router
by David Maciejak of Fortinet's FortiGuard Labs   January 30, 2018
Bug fixes have been released for the ASUS RT-N18U, RT-AC66U, RT-AC68U, RT-AC86U, RT-AC87U, RT-AC88U, RT-AC1900, RT-AC2900, RT-AC3100, RT-AC3200 and RT-AC5300. The flaw seems fairly minor. An attacker can forge an HTTP request that injects operating system commands that get executed as root. The flaw is due to unsanitized parameters passed to the apply.cgi script. It is mostly a LAN side attack, unless remote administration is enabled via HTTP. Asus fixed this quickly. It was reported to them Dec 23, 2017 and 4 days later they gave FortiGuard a patch to verify. The fix started rolling out Jan. 2, 2018.

Two Asus router flaws have been fixed

Advisory - Asus Unauthenticated LAN Remote Command Execution
by SecuriTeam a division of Beyond Security   January 22, 2018
Two vulnerabilities in AsusWRT (the firmware on Asus routers) version 3.0.0.4.380.7743 can lead to remote command execution from the LAN side. Independent security researcher, Pedro Ribeiro discovered the flaws. Asus has released patches as of version 3.0.0.4.384_10007. One flaw is that the handle_request() routine allows an unauthenticated user to perform a POST request for certain actions. An attacker can trigger the vulnerabilities and reset the admin password. This, in turn, lets an attacker login to the web interface, enable SSH, reboot the router and login via SSH. Another flaw is in the same code that was reported buggy in 2015, the infosvr service which listens on LAN side UDP port 9999. The buggy routers are the RT-AC88U, RT-AC3100, RT-AC86U, RT-AC68U and RT-AC66U.
Update March 16, 2018: One of these bugs makes routers that are enabled for Remote Administration via HTTP (as opposed to HTTPS) vulnerable to attack. This may explain the multiple reports of DNS hijacking on Asus routers, described above in March 2018.

Flaws in D-Link routers in Israel

Advisory - D-Link DSL-6850U Multiple Vulnerabilities
by SecuriTeam a division of Beyond Security   January 1, 2018
An independent security researcher reported two flaws in the D-Link DSL-6850U versions BZ_1.00.01 - BZ_1.00.09. The router is manufactured by D-Link for Bezeq in Israel. Bezeq was informed of the vulnerability on June 9, and released patches to address the vulnerabilities. One flaw was a default account that could not be disabled. The userid and password were both "support". In addition, remote administration was enabled by default and a flaw allowed for Remote Command Execution.

2017  top

DECEMBER 2017

Security flaw in the GoAhead web server

GoAhead ... and pwn us: Remote hijacking flaw in Internet of Things gear
by Shaun Nichols of The Register   December 20, 2017
We have seen this movie before. Web server software included in routers and IoT devices is buggy and easily exploited. Bug fixes are available but many/most vulnerable devices will never get updated. The web server software is GoAhead from a company called Embedthis which says "GoAhead is the world's most popular, tiny embedded web server. It is compact, secure and simple to use. GoAhead is deployed in hundreds of millions of ... devices and applications. For example: printers, routers, switches, IP phones, mobile applications, data acquisition, military applications and WIFI gateways." Embedthis publicly documented the flaw (see below) on June 12, 2017. The bug was fixed in version 3.6.5 which has been available since then. Security firm Elttam, which found the flaw, blogged about it and provided technical details on Dec. 18, 2017. Counts of Internet accessible devices running the GoAhead server number over 500,000 but they are not all vulnerable. For one thing, the bug is in CGI and Embedthis claims that many of their customers do not use CGI. They claim to have been discouraging its use for more than 10 years. CGI is slower, bigger and less secure than competing services: in-memory scripting and URL-to-C binding. In addition, vulnerable CGI programs have to be dynamically linkable and quite a few devices use statically linked binaries instead.

Netgear WiFi Family website hacked for two years

Vigilante Removes Malware from Netgear Site After Company Fails to Do So for 2 Years
by Catalin Cimpanu of Bleeping Computer   December 15, 2017
A few years ago, Netgear created a website, www.wififamilyblog.com, that had articles on the usage of various Netgear technologies. The site was based on WordPress and not secured correctly. As a result, the site has been compromised since February 2015. Scammers abused the site to send spam that directed people to fully functional fake tech support sites that were hosted on the WiFi Family site. After this got publicity, the website was finally taken offline on December 16, 2017.

Satori botnet abusing routers

Warning: Satori, a Mirai Branch Is Spreading in Worm Style on Port 37215 and 52869
by Li Fengpei of Qihoo 360 Netlab   December 5, 2017
Quoting: "About 12 hours ago ... we noticed a new version of Satori (a mirai variant which we named Satori), starting to propagate very quickly on port 37215 and 52869. Two new exploits ... have been added ... during last recent 12 hours we have seen 263,250 different IPs scanning port 37215, and 19,403 IPs scanning port 52869." They have not yet disclosed information on the flaw involving port 37215. The bug being exploited on port 52869 is derived from CVE-2014-8361. It is not clear, to me at least, if this is the same botnet that Dan Goodin wrote about below.
UPDATE: Script Kiddie Responsible for Large Satori Botnet by Lucian Constantin in Security Boulevard December 22, 2017. Security researchers at Check Point Software believe that the Satori botnet of more than 250,000 routers was created by an amateur hacker with limited skills. The botnet abuses a known bug in the Miniigd UPnP SOAP service on port 52869 and a new bug in Huawei HG532 home gateways on port 37215. Huawei exposed a configuration service intended to only be used on the LAN side to the Internet. It is scary that a relatively unskilled attacker can build a large botnet capable of devastating attacks. It highlights the poor state of router and IoT security across the internet.

A botnet spreads by attacking un-named flaws in Huawei Home Gateways

100,000-strong botnet built on router 0-day could strike at any time
by Dan Goodin of Ars Technica   December 5, 2017
First off, clickbait. There are many botnets that could strike at any time. It is, sadly, the new normal. The buggy devices are the Huawei EchoLife Home Gateway and the Huawei Home Gateway. The bug was first disclosed by Check Point Software on Nov. 27, 2017. The botnet spreads both by abusing a bug and also by guessing 65,000 different userid/password combinations. It does not abuse Remote Administration. This is the second botnet, after Reaper, to spread by abusing flaws in routers. There is much we do not know:
--There are multiple Huawei Home Gateway models and it is not clear if some or all are buggy
--What firmware versions have the bug?
--What userid/passwords is the botnet guessing
--Defense. The article says nothing at all about defending against the flaw. Typical of clickbait.
--Does Huawei know about the bug? Acknowledge it? Have they issued a fix?

NOVEMBER 2017

Still more Good News, Bad News with Netgear

NETGEAR Security Advisories   from Netgear
The good news is that Netgear seems to be on the ball, fixing bugs in their router software.
The bad news is that there are sooooooooooo many bugs.
Last month, I summarized the bug reports, this month, they are listed below.
11/22/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2156
11/22/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2153
11/22/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2152
11/22/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2150
11/22/2017 Security Advisory for Authentication Bypass on Routers, PSV-2017-2148
11/22/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2147
11/22/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2146
11/22/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2145
11/22/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2144
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2141
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2139
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2138
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2136
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2135
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2134
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Security Misconfiguration on Some Routers, PSV-2016-0096
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Authentication Bypass on R6300v2, PLW1000v2, and PLW1010v2, PSV-2016-0069
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Authentication Bypass on Some Routers and Gateways, PSV-2016-0061
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Command Injection on Some Routers and Extenders, PSV-2017-2154
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Command Injection on Some Routers and Extenders, PSV-2017-2143
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Command Injection on Some Routers, PSV-2017-2142
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Command Injection on Some Routers and Extenders, PSV-2017-2140
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Some Routers and Extenders, PSV-2017-0706
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Buffer Overflow on Some Routers, PSV-2017-0670
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Security Misconfiguration on Some Routers, PSV-2017-0615
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Security Misconfiguration on Some Routers, PSV-2017-0335
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Cross-Site Request Forgery on Some Routers, PSV-2017-0331
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Authentication Bypass on Some Routers, PSV-2017-0330
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Buffer Overflow on Some Routers, PSV-2017-0324
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Stored Cross-Site Scripting on Some Routers, PSV-2017-0323
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Command Injection on Some Routers, PSV-2016-0256
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Security Misconfiguration on Some Extenders, PSV-2016-0253
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Security Misconfiguration on Some Extenders, PSV-2016-0115
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Security Misconfiguration on Some Routers and Extenders, PSV-2016-0104
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Cross-Site Request Forgery on Some Routers, PSV-2016-0101
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-2133
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Stack Overflow on Some Routers, PSV-2017-2517
11/21/2017 Security Advisory for Arbitrary File Read on Some Routers and Extenders, PSV-2017-0319
11/20/2017 Security Advisory for Security Misconfiguration on Routers, PSV-2017-2124
11/20/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Buffer Overflow on Routers, PSV-2017-0791
11/20/2017 Security Advisory for Post-Authentication Command Injection on Routers, PSV-2017-0329
11/20/2017 Security Advisory for Cross Site Request Forgery on Routers and Modem Routers, PSV-2017-0333
11/20/2017 Security Advisory for Security Misconfiguration on Some Routers, PSV-2017-2756
11/20/2017 Security Advisory for Security Misconfiguration on Some Routers, PSV-2016-0120
11/17/2017 Security Advisory for Post-Authentication Stack Overflow on Some Routers, PSV-2017-2157
11/17/2017 Security Advisory for Post-Authentication Stack Overflow on R8300 and R8500, PSV-2017-2227
11/16/2017 Security Advisory for Post-Authentication Stack Overflow on R8000, PSV-2017-2229
11/16/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Command Injection on Some Routers, PSV-2017-2451
11/16/2017 Security Advisory for Security Misconfiguration on Some Routers and Extenders, PSV-2017-2212
11/16/2017 Security Advisory for Pre-Authentication Command Injection on Some Routers and Extenders, PSV-2017-2210
11/16/2017 Security Advisory for Denial of Service on Some Routers, PSV-2017-0648
11/16/2017 Security Advisory for Arbitrary File Read on DST6501 and WNR2000v2, PSV-2017-0425
11/16/2017 Security Advisory for Post-Authentication Command Injection on Routers, PSV-2017-0320
11/15/2017 Security Advisory for Cross Site Request Forgery on Extenders, PSV-2016-0130
11/15/2017 Security Advisory for Arbitrary File Read on Routers and Extenders, PSV-2016-0122
11/15/2017 Security Advisory for Post-Authentication Buffer Overflow on Powerlines and a Router, PSV-2016-0121
11/15/2017 Security Advisory for Stored Cross Site Scripting on Routers, PSV-2016-0100
11/15/2017 Security Advisory for Authentication Bypass on Some Routers and Extenders, PSV-2017-0424

ZyXEL routers being attacked

Early Warning: A New Mirai Variant is Spreading Quickly on Port 23 and 2323
by Li Fengpei of Qihoo 360 Netlab   November 24, 2017
A new variant of the Mirai botnet has been detected, mostly in Argentina. It attacks ports 23 and 2323 on ZyXEL devices that have a default userid/password. This, gets the bad guys into the devices, then a second vulnerability (CVE-2016-10401), a hard coded superuser password, gives them root privileges. Game over. On ZyXEL PK5001Z devices, zyad5001 is the superuser password. Almost 100,000 infected devices were detected in Argentina, specifically in the network of Telefonica de Argentina. Obviously, they shipped devices with default passwords. Re-booting an infected device should remove any malware.

TP-Link firmware lags in Europe

TP-Link serves outdated or no firmware at all on 30% of its European websites
by Daniel Aleksandersen on his personal blog November 20, 2017
TP-Link has 60 country-specific websites around the world, 24 in Europe. Aleksandersen bought a TP-Link RE650 repeater and noticed that his Norway TP-Link website was two firmware releases behind the neighboring countries of Denmark and Sweden. So, he looked at how each of the 24 European websites ranked in terms of available firmware releases. He investigated nine TP-Link products sold in Europe, and checked the available firmware in each website, a total of 216 data points. Only 6 countries had the latest firmware versions available for all nine products. Put another way, there are problems on 75% of TP-Links European websites. He found the most recent European firmware was as much as a year out of date compared to the US firmware. And, there does not seem to be a good reason for this. The changelogs for the newer American firmware showed updates that were not region specific in any way.
Adding insult to injury is the firmware update process. None of the TP-Link devices self-update. Worse still, the company does not contact their customers to tell them of newly released bug fixes. There are no emailing lists or syndication feeds. Nuttin.
Aleksandersen wonders why TP-Link even has 24 websites. He says there is no need for country specific firmware for Wi-Fi networking equipment within the EEA-single-market. He found that ASUS, Linksys, Netgear, and others have a single global firmware download; or two-three regional variants at the most, all being offered on the same download page.
Finally, he writes "We're a month in to the KRACK Attack vulnerability disclosure, and TP-Link hasn't yet released updates for any of their products ... Stay well away from TP-Link products if you're any bit conscious about the security of your devices." As I say, avoid all consumer routers.

ISP in Ireland has to replace modems. Good for Ireland. Would never happen in US

Eir forced to replace 20,000 modems over security concerns
by Pater Hamilton of Irish Times   November 6, 2017
Last year, Eir contacted about 130,000 of its customers as a result of security concerns that the customers routers were vulnerable to infection by a virus that could ultimately lead to them being hacked. At that time, the company said nearly 2,000 customer routers had been breached. Following an investigation by the Data Protection Commissioner, the company had to replace almost 20,000 modems for customers with basic broadband packages without access to fibre services. Additionally, Eir agreed to ... ensure that modem devices provided appropriate security during their lifetime.

OCTOBER 2017

A classic case of Good News, Bad News

NETGEAR Security Advisories   from Netgear
On Oct 24, 2017 Netgear issued three security advisories for their routers. On Oct. 25th, they issued 8 more security advisories for routers. On Oct. 27th they issued two more router security advisories. The good news is that they are being informed of these bugs and fixing them. In early 2017 Netgear changed how they deal with bug reports from outside the company. The bad news is that their routers are buggy as heck. Does the good outweigh the bad? Matter of opinion.

KRACK

Key Reinstallation Attacks
by Mathy Vanhoef of imec-DistriNet, KU Leuven   October 16, 2017
WPA2 was considered secure for a dozen years. Then, on October 16, 2017 details of the KRACK flaw were released showing that bad guys could break WPA2 encryption. For the most part the bug is with clients rather than routers. That said, its complicated, there are 10 different KRACK related bugs. Two involve routers. One comes into play when a client switches between access points that are part of the same network. The other involves routers acting as clients. For my favorite router, the Pepwave Surf SOHO, this means its WiFi as WAN feature is vulnerable. Network extenders should also be vulnerable. KRACK has nothing to do with Wi-Fi passwords. Many articles said KRACK lets bad guys steal your passwords, that is fear mongering as almost all passwords are encrypted with TLS/HTTPS. And a VPN or TOR can offer yet another level of encryption. Yet another reason not to use an Apple router, they said nothing about this.

Not news: old D-Link routers are buggy

D-Link DIR-600/300 Router Unauthenticated Remote Command Execution Vulnerability
by Check Point   October 19, 2017
A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the D-Link DIR-600 and DIR-300 routers. A remote attacker can exploit this weakness to execute arbitrary code in the affected router. The DIR-600 is an old Wi-Fi N router.

Netgear updates pretty much everything

Netgear Fixes 50 Vulnerabilities in Routers, Switches, NAS Devices
by Tom Spring of Kaspersky ThreatPost   October 2, 2017
Netgear issued 50 patches for its routers, switches, NAS devices, and wireless access points to resolve vulnerabilities ranging from remote code execution bugs to authentication bypass flaws. Twenty of the patches address "high" vulnerability issues with the remaining 30 scored as "medium" security risks. One of those vulnerabilities (PSV-2017-1209) is a command injection bug tied to 17 consumer routers.

7 Security Bugs in dnsmasq

Behind the Masq: Yet more DNS, and DHCP, vulnerabilities
by Google Security   October 2, 2017
Dnsmasq is open source DNS and DHCP software and is commonly installed on routers, Linux and Android. The most severe of the 7 bugs could be remotely exploited to run malicious code and hijack the device. Three bugs are potential remote code executions, one is an information leak, and the remaining 3 are denial of service flaws. Trend Micro has identified around 1 million devices that are running a vulnerable version of dnsmasq and expose port 53 (DNS) on the public internet.The latest version of Dnsmasq, v2.78 has fixes for all the bugs.

SEPTEMBER 2017

Netgear routers attacked by abusing old bug

RouteX Malware Uses Netgear Routers for Credential Stuffing Attacks
by Catalin Cimpanu of BleepingComputer.com   September 13, 2017
Quoting: "A Russian-speaking hacker has been infecting Netgear routers over the past months with a new strain of malware named RouteX that he uses to turn infected devices into SOCKS proxies and carry out credential stuffing attacks. According to Forkbombus Labs ... the hacker is using CVE-2016-10176, a vulnerability disclosed last December to take over Netgear WNR2000 routers." The bug lets the bad guy run the RouteX malware on Netgear routers that have not been patched. The malware defends itself by modifying the firewall of infected routers. This is the reason not to re-use passwords. Credential stuffing is the name given to the process of trying one stolen userid/password at multiple websites/services. To avoid being detected, bad guys spread out their credential stuffing so that it is performed from many different locations, none tied to them. Possibly from your Netgear router. The SOCKS proxy server serves as a middleman that reroutes data between the bad guy and his intended targets. How can you tell if your Netgear router is infected? No one said. It can't hurt to check for new firmware on all Netgear routers. If manual checking is too much, some routers self-update (see my list). Among the cheaper options, a single Google Wifi hockey puck router can be had for about $120. A single AmpliFi square router is about $130. A single eero costs about $200 and the Synology RT1900ac is around $120.

Three more D-Link router flaws

Enlarge your botnet with: top D-Link routers
by security firm Embedi   September 12, 2017
Embedi found three flaws in the D-Link DIR890L, DIR885L, DIR895L and, most likely, other DIR8xx routers. Four months after first contacting D-Link, two of the flaws have not been patched. The one that was patched, was only fixed in the DIR890L, other models are still vulnerable. The good news here is that exploitation is LAN side and anyone following my advice on securing local access to a router and assigning IP addresses is protected. BUG1: In the router, phpcgi processes its internal web interface web pages. A malicious request, sent to http:// 192.168.0.1/getcfg.php, can bypass the normal authorization checks and execute a script that returns the userid/password of the router. BUG2: There have been many bugs over the years involving HNAP, this is yet another. A malicious request sent to http:// 192.168.0.1/HNAP1/ can cause a stack overflow that allows for the execution of shell commands with root privileges. BUG3: There is a window of opportunity just after the router starts up, where a device connected to an Ethernet LAN port can upload new firmware onto the router. This begs the question of why firmware is not digitally signed. If it was, the new firmware would be rejected. One way to restart the router (in addition to the other two bugs) is to send an EXEC REBOOT SYSTEM command to port 19541. No password needed. This port is open on the LAN side and there does not seem to be a way to close it. According to Victor Gevers, there are over 98,000 vulnerable D-Link routers (including the 10 flaws in the 850L). The blog posting includes ugly details of Embedi trying to get D-Link to fix things. When combined with the below D-Link router flaws, reported just a few days earlier, I am left thinking that a qualified person could find flaws in any D-Link router.

D-Link 850L router should be disconnected from Internet

Researcher Publishes Details on Unpatched D-Link Router Flaws
by Catalin Cimpanu of Bleeping Computer   September 9, 2017
Pierre Kim, who has found many router flaws in the past, published the details of TEN vulnerabilities he discovered in the D-Link DIR 850L router. The 850L is a wireless AC1200 Dual Band Gigabit "Cloud" Router. He also found flaws in the Mydlink Cloud Service, which lets you remotely access and control D-Link devices on your home network. Kim published his findings without notifying D-Link first. Back in February they ignored his previous attempts at reporting other flaws. The flaws can be exploited from both the LAN and WAN side of the router. Bad guys can make the router sing and dance. More specifically, they can intercept traffic, upload malicious firmware and get root privileges. Kim recommends disconnecting any DIR 850L routers.

Some AT&T Arris gateways are brutally vulnerable

SharknAT&To
by Joseph Hutchins of Nomotion   August 31, 2017
Let's be clear: this is a disgrace. Security firm Nomotion claims that AT&T U-verse modems, models NVG589 and NVG599, have brutal security flaws; five all told, that let the devices be fully and totally hacked by bad guys, including uploading new firmware. They claim there are at least 220,000 of these vulnerable devices currently in use. Articles on this refer to the devices as "modems" but that is not correct. They are gateway devices, combining modem and router features. Three of the five flaws are hard coded backdoor accounts. Another is that SSH is enabled by default on the WAN side where anyone can login as root using one of the hard coded userid/passwords. Also on the WAN side, an HTTP request to open port 49152 allows bad guys to bypass the device's firewall and open a TCP proxy connection to the device. This hack requires a predictable three-byte value followed by the MAC address. They found this port open on every single AT&T device they tested. Malpractice, I say. On the LAN side, attackers can authenticate on port 49955 to the web admin interface with the username "tech" and an empty password. The web server in the boxes is also vulnerable to a command injection flaw that lets bad guys run shell commands in the context of the web server. Its not clear if this is LAN or WAN side. Finally, someone who knows the device serial number can use a hard coded userid/password to authenticate to the device on port 61001. Here too, its not clear if the flaw is LAN or WAN side. All told, these devices are a botnet just waiting to happen.
Perhaps the most shocking thing was that Hutchins found a module in the kernel "whose sole purpose seems to be to inject advertisements into the user's unencrypted web traffic." He said the module is not being used but the code is there.
How much of the blame falls on AT&T vs. Arris is not yet clear. Hutchins did note that Arris has a history of "careless lingering of hardcoded accounts on their products."
I may have been wrong about the most shocking aspect. It is that AT&T ignored this. As of two weeks after the disclosure, they have said nothing. Seems they want to keep their customers ignorant of the problems. Arris initially said they are investigating but two weeks later, they have said nothing else.It seems that unless stories like this break out of the nerd news, companies are not sufficiently shamed to do anything. Even Equifax did something.

AUGUST 2017

Netgear reports on 3 bugs in their routers

NETGEAR Security Advisory Newsletter
by Netgear August 2017
The following bugs in Netgear routers comes from the NETGEAR Security Advisory Newsletter. None of the Security Advisories offer details on the flaws. Anyone owning a Netgear router should subscribe to the newsletter, if only because none of these bugs were reported anywhere else, that I can find.

Cisco routers and switches vulnerable

Australian businesses targeted in Cisco switch and router attacks: ACSC
by Stilgherrian of ZDNet   August 16, 2017
The Australian Cyber Security Centre (ACSC) warns that Cisco routers and switches with Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) enabled and exposed to the internet, are vulnerable to having their configuration files extracted. The config files may contain device administrative credentials which can be used to compromise the device. Also vulnerable are switches using Cisco Smart Install (SMI) that are accessible from the internet. SMI is a feature in Cisco IOS that was intended for LAN side use and thus has no authentication. SNMP is included in my suggested list of stuff to turn off.

Flaw in some Juniper routers goes unpatched for months

Juniper issues security alert tied to routers and switches
by Tom Spring of Kaspersky Threatpost   August 10, 2017
There was a bug in the open-source GD graphics image library (libgd) that could allow a remote attacker to take control of systems running certain versions of the Junos OS. The bug existed in T Series and MX series routers along with four switch products. Juniper has issued a software fix. To me, the most interesting aspect is how long it took Juniper to fix the problem which was first made public in April 2016. Many Linux distributions quickly fixed it. The article says "Use of the flawed libgd library has stung a wide range of firms over the past year." Juniper did not publish a Security Advisory about this until July 12, 217.

JULY 2017

Netgear Router Analytics means Netgear spies on your router

Netgear Enables User Data Collection Feature on Popular Router Model
by Catalin Cimpanu of Bleeping Computer   May 22, 2017
News about this broke in May 2017, I'm late in writing it up. And, although this is not a software bug, it is a flaw nonetheless - one of corporate personality. Simply put, Netgear now spies on some of their routers. This rolled out in April 2017 with firmware 1.0.7.12 for the R7000. Also in April, spying/analytics was added to the Orbi RBK40, RBR40 and RBS40 (Firmware Version 1.9.1.6). In each case "data collection" is on by default, you have to login to the router to disable it. If you have a Netgear router, consider installing DD-WRT on it from the Netgear supported www.myopenrouter.com site.

JUNE 2017

Two bugs in an old TP-Link router

CVE-2017-9466: Why Is My Router Blinking Morse Code?
by Senrio   June 19, 2017
Senrio has discovered two flaws in the TP-Link WR841N Version 8 router. The flaws, which can only be exploited on the LAN side, allowed them to not only gain administrative access to the device but also to run malicious code on it. The flaws were reported to TP-Link in Sept. 2016 and they were initially reluctant to fix an older product that was no longer supported. However, the fix was released in Feb. 2017. There was no update to the firmware for versions 9 and 11 of the router. It is not known if other TP-Link routers suffer from similar flaws. The first flaw was in a configuration service that allows attackers to send it commands without first logging in. The second flaw was a stack overflow issue and this is what let them install and run malicious software on the router.

This is not news: the CIA targets many routers

CIA has been hacking into Wi-Fi routers for years, leaked documents show
by Zack Whittaker of ZDNet   June 15, 2017
Secret documents, dated 2012 and leaked by WikiLeaks, reveal that the CIA has been targeting and compromising routers for years in an effort to carry out clandestine surveillance. One tool, known as CherryBlossom, allows the agency to monitor a target's internet activity, redirect their browser and scan for information. The documents, which have not been verified, suggest this has been going on for years. CherryBlossom runs on 25 router models from 10 different manufacturers, and it's likely that modifications would allow the implant to run on at least 100 more routers. Among the brands are Asus, Belkin, Buffalo, Dell, Dlink, Linksys, Motorola, Netgear, Senao and US Robotics.

Multiple WiMAX routers are easily hacked

Ghosts from the past: Authentication bypass and OEM backdoors in WiMAX routers
by Stefan Viehbock of SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab   June 7, 2017
WiMAX routers that make use of a custom httpd plugin for libmtk (the MediaTek SDK library) are vulnerable to an authentication bypass that allows a remote, unauthenticated attacker to change the administrator userid and password. The vulnerable software is commit2.cgi. It accepts a variable called ADMIN_PASSWD which is the new password. The full list of vulnerable routers is not known. Vendors making vulnerable routers include GreenPacket, Huawei, MADA, ZTE and ZyXEL. In addition, Viehbock believes the routers also contain backdoor accounts. The Huawei devices will not be fixed, the company said they are too old. The firmware was developed by ZyXEL which did not respond to inquiries made by CERT. After this got publicity, they responded to Chris Brook of Kaspersky's Threatpost they are "working on a solution". Time will tell.

7 bugs in web interface of Peplink routers

Multiple Vulnerabilities in peplink balance routers
by Eric Sesterhenn of X41 D-Sec GmbH   June 5, 2017
Bugs have been reported in the web interface of Peplink Balance routers models 305, 380, 580, 710, 1350, 2500 running firmware 7.0.0. Initially it was not clear if other Balance routers were also vulnerable. They are. It was also not clear if other Peplink routers, such as the model, I recommend, the Surf SOHO are vulnerable. They are. And, it was not initially clear if the flaws are only in firmware 7.0.0 or if they also exist in the previous 6.3.3 firmware. They exist in both.
As to flaw details: (1) The worst is said to be a SQL injection attack via the bauth cookie parameter. This allows access to the SQLite session database containing user and session variables. (2) With specialized SQL queries, it is possible to retrieve usernames from the database. This doesn't strike me as a big deal because Peplink lets you change the username. So, lots of guessing needed to exploit this. (3) The CGI scripts in the admin interface are not protected against cross site request forgery attacks. This allows an attacker to execute commands, if a logged in user visits a malicious website. (4) Passwords are stored in cleartext (5) If the web interface is accessible, it is possible to abuse the syncid parameter to trigger a cross-site-scripting issue. (6) If the web interface is accessible, it is possible to abuse the the orig_url parameter to trigger a cross-site-scripting issue in preview.cgi. (7) A logged in user can delete arbitrary files (8) If the web interface is accessible, it is possible to retrieve the router serial number without a valid login.
The report said that Peplink released updated firmware, version 7.0.1 to fix these bugs on June 5, 2017. However, on the 6th there was no mention of this firmware on the Peplink download page. In fact, there was no mention of these bugs anywhere on the Peplink site or in their forum. On the other hand, the reported timeline shows that Peplink responded quickly and fixed the bugs quickly. Running the admin interface on a non-standard port would likely have prevented abuse of these flaws. Also, devices in an isolated VLAN can be prevented from even seeing the router admin interface.
Peplink responded on June 7th in a forum posting on their website: 7.0.1 RC4 and 6.3.4 RC Addresses Security Advisory CVE-2017-8835 ~ 8840 This has links to updated firmware for all affected models. The new firmware is currently in Release Candidate status. It is expected to be upgraded to GA (Generally Available) status in a week. There are also a couple suggested work-arounds in case updating the firmware is not an immediate option.
3Gstore, a Peplink retailer that I have used a few times, sent an email to their customers about this which raised an excellent point that no one else had. There is a hidden danger to the fact that bad guys can learn the router serial number - they can register the router with Peplinks remote control service, InControl2 - if the router has not already been registered. So, 3Gstore suggests, that even if you are not using InControl 2, you should create an account and register your Peplink router for the sole purpose of preventing a bad guy from registering it. Routers registered with the InControl 2 service can be remotely controlled.

EnGenius Enshare bug has been patched

EnGenius EnShare IoT Gigabit Cloud Service 1.4.11 Root Remote Code Execution
by Gjoko Krstic of Zero Science Lab   June 4, 2017
With the EnGenius IoT Gigabit Routers and their mobile app you can transfer files to/from a USB hard drive attached to the router. Enshare is a USB media storage sharing application that enables local and remote access to files on a USB hard drive. EnGenius EnShare suffers from an unauthenticated command injection vulnerability. An attacker can inject and execute arbitrary code as the root user via the 'path' GET/POST parameter parsed by 'usbinteract.cgi' script. EnGenius ignored the initial report of the problem, but they fixed it roughly two weeks after it was publicly disclosed.

MAY 2017

Asus router bugs

ASUS Patches RT Router Vulnerabilities
by Michael Mimoso of Kaskpesky Threatpost   May 11, 2017
Asus recently fixed multiple bugs in 30 RT router models. Nightwatch Cybersecurity found the bugs. Some were patched in March, some just now. An attacker on the LAN side can change router settings, steal Wi-Fi passwords or get leaked system information. Malicious JavaScript can abuse a CSRF flaw to login to the router. An issue with leaking system information was not felt to be important by Asus and was not patched.

Multiple bugs in an old Cisco VPN router

Cisco drops critical security warning on VPN router, 3 high priority caveats
by Michael Cooney of Network World  MAY 3, 2017
The Cisco CVR100W VPN router is old. It only does Wi-Fi N and it does not support Gigabit Ethernet. It has a critical bug in its Universal Plug-and-Play (UPnP) software which fails to do good range checking of UPnP input data. The bug could let an unauthenticated, Layer 2-adjacent attacker execute arbitrary code as root or cause a denial of service. Cisco has released new firmware with a fix. The same router also has vulnerability in the remote management access control list feature that could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to bypass the remote management ACL. No fix for this second flaw seems to be available.

Bug in Cisco IOS XR routers

Cisco IOS XR Software Denial of Service Vulnerability
by Cisco   May 3, 2017
The Event Management Service daemon of Cisco IOS XR routers improperly handles gRPC requests. This could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to crash the router in such a manner that manual intervention is required to recover. The gRPC service is not enabled by default. Cisco has released a bug fix.

Privacy issues with Trend Micro software in Asus routers

Review: ASUSWRT router firmware
by Daniel Aleksandersen of Ctrl.blog   May 2, 2017
The stock firmware that runs Asus routers is called ASUSRWRT and it has a somewhat hidden privacy issue. If you use any of the following features, it will collect and transmit data about which websites you visit to Trend Micro: Apps/traffic Analysis, Bandwidth Monitor, Network Analyzer, Network Protection (AiProtection), Parental Controls (including time scheduling), Quality-of-Service, Web History and Network Map. This is spelled out in a EULA from Trend Micro. If the software thinks a website URL is potentially fraudulent, it sends the URL to Trend. In addition, executable files or content that is identified as potential malware is also send to Trend. Finally, email messages identified as spam or malware are sent to Trend, despite the fact that they may contain sensitive data. Quoting: "The EULA also contains language holding the router's owner responsible for notifying their friends, family, and house guests who connect to the internet through the ASUS router that any network activity may be recorded and shared with Trend Micro."

APRIL 2017

Flaw in modems using Intel's Puma 6 chipset

You can blow Intel-powered broadband modems off the 'net with a 'trivial' packet stream
by Shaun Nichols of The Register   April 27, 2017
OK, its about modems, not routers. Close enough. A modem using Intel's Puma 6 chipset can be overloaded and virtually knocked offline by a small amount of incoming data. There is no mitigation, but it does require a constant attack. When the attack stops, things return to normal. The bug has to do with exhausting an internal lookup table. Known vulnerable devices are the Arris SB6190 and the Netgear CM700. The Puma 6 chipset is also used in some ISP-branded cable modems, including some Xfinity boxes supplied by Comcast in the US and the latest Virgin Media hubs in the UK such as the Super Hub 3. Earlier articles mentioned a possible modem firmware update. However, even if a fix is issued you are at the mercy of your ISP to install it. Good luck with that.
UPDATE: The performance issues with Intels Puma 6 gigabit broadband modem chipset also affect the Puma 5 and Puma 7 family. See Intel Pumageddon: Broadband chip bug haunts Chipzilla's past, present and future by Shaun Nichols of The Register August 9, 2017.

Ten flaws in 25 Linksys routers

Linksys Smart Wi-Fi Vulnerabilities
by Tao Sauvage of IOActive   April 20, 2017
Researchers discovered ten bugs, six of which can be exploited remotely by unauthenticated attackers. The bugs exist in four models of the WRT series and 21 models of the EAxxxx Series. Two of the bugs allow remote unauthenticated attackers to crash the router. Others leak sensitive information such as the WPS pin code, the firmware version, information about devices connected to the router and other configuration settings. The most serious bug requires authentication - it lets attackers execute shell commands with root privileges. In the worst case, this lets a bad guy setup a backdoor account on the router that would not appear in the web interface and could not be removed. If remote administration is enabled, the routers are vulnerable remotely. Either way, the routers are vulnerable from the LAN side. A big problem is that these routers have a default userid/password. Just that fact alone should steer you away from these routers. On the other hand, Linksys has co-operated well with IOActive in both acknowledging the problem and fixing it. Some of the buggy routers can self-update but that feature needs to be enabled.

More abuse of TR-069

Thousands of Hacked Home Routers are Attacking WordPress Sites
by Mark Maunder of Wordfence   April 11, 2017
We have seen this story before. ISPs leave the TR-069 port, number 7547, open to the world at large rather than restricting access to themselves. Just more support for my recommendation to avoid using a router from an ISP. Wordfence reports that Shodan found over 41 million devices are listening on port 7547.

Travel routers from TP-LINK, StarTech, TripMate and TrendNet vulnerable

Travel Routers, NAS Devices Among Easily Hacked IoT Devices
by Chris Brook of Kaspersky ThreatPost   April 10, 2017
Bugs in four travel routers were disclosed by Jan Hoersch of Securai GmbH in Munich. The TP-LINK M5250 will cough up administrator credentials in response to an SMS message. A StarTech router has telnet open with a hard coded password of root that can not be changed. On the Hootoo TripMate travel router an unathenticated user can do a firmware update. The TrendNet TEW714TRU used to let an unauthenticated LAN side user inject arbitrary commands. After the flaw was reported, TrendNet revised the firmware, but the underlying bug remained. Now, however, you have to be an authenticated user to exploit it.

MARCH 2017

Ubiquiti drags their heels fixing a bug

Unpatched vulnerability puts Ubiquiti networking products at risk
by Lucian Constantin of IDG News Service March 16, 2017
As bugs go, this is chump change; only authenticated users can exploit the flaw. The bug, discovered by SEC Consult, allows authenticated users to inject arbitrary commands into the web interface. The bug has been confirmed in 4 Ubiquiti Networks devices but is believed to exist in another 38. The worst part seems to the way Ubiquiti handled the issue. They acknowledged the flaw at the end of Nov. 2016, then gave SEC Consult a hard time and eventually just went silent. After a while, SEC Consult gave up and went public. Nerds everywhere love Ubiquiti, hopefully they read about this.

Two bugs in GLi routers have been patched

LAN surfing. How to use JavaScript to Execute Arbitrary Code on Routers
by T Shiomitsu of Pentest partners Mar 13, 2017
The GLi range of routers are small and very customizable routers, predominantly for those who fancy an extra level of control over their Wi-Fi-connected devices. Two flaws were found in the GL Innovations firmware v2.24. One was an authentication bypass, the other authenticated code execution. The article has sample code for using WebRTC and JavaScript scanning to find the LAN side IP address of the router. Code is also provided to fingerprint the router. GLi has fixed the flaws in their latest firmware and they responded to the two bug reports, which were made separately, fairly quickly.

Two bugs in old D-Link routers

D-Link DIR-130 and DIR-330 are vulnerable to authentication bypass and do not protect credentials
by Garret Wasserman of US-CERT   March 15, 2017
Despite the article title, other D-Link models may be affected by these issues too. One bug allows a remote attacker that can access the remote management login page to manipulate the POST request to access some administrator-only pages without credentials. In addition, the tools_admin.asp page discloses the administrator password in base64 encoding. D-Link has confirmed the flaws, there is no information about if or when a patch will be issued. The devices are old. The DIR-330 is a Wi-Fi G VPN Firewall with Fast Ethernet. The DIR-130 is similar but without Wi-Fi. As usual, disable remote administration if not really needed. If it is needed, restrict the allowed source IP addresses. The bugs were discovered by James Edge.

D-Link again. HNAP again.

D-Link DIR-850L web admin interface contains a stack-based buffer overflow vulnerability
by Joel Land of US-CERT   March 8, 2017
As bad as it gets: a remote, unauthenticated attacker can run arbitrary code as root. Yet another reason to disable remote administration. It is disabled by default on the DIR-850L device but, even then, the device can still be attacked from the LAN side. Other D-Link models may also be affected. The vulnerability is in the HNAP service. A bad guy can send a specially crafted POST request to http://routerIPaddress/HNAP1/ that causes a buffer overflow and execute arbitrary code. Beta firmware was released Feb. 17, 2017. The DIR-850L is a dual band Wi-Fi AC router. It is also affected by the November 2016 HNAP flaw in D-Link devices (see below). The bug was reported by Sergi Martinez of NCC Group.

FEBRUARY 2017

Dealing with a hacked Netgear router

Router assimilated into the Borg, sends 3TB in 24 hours
by Chris Lee of Ars Technica   February 26, 2017
Interesting story by someone who is not a networking expert. His Netgear R6400 router was hacked. The article goes into the symptoms of the problem and the debugging steps that he took to figure out the problem. After realizing the router had been hacked, a factory reset did not fix the problem which tells me that the router was running malicious firmware. DD-WRT was not much help. In the end, the router was a paperweight.

Bugs in two TP-Link routers

Updated Firmware Due for Serious TP-Link Router Vulnerabilities
by Michael Mimoso of Kaspersky Threatpost   Feb. 13, 2017
One flaw allows for remote code execution but only after logging in to the router. Another flaw allows a bad guy to crash the TP-Link C2 and C20i routers. There are weak default credentials for the FTP server in the router. The default firewall rules are too permissive on the WAN interface. The final insult is artistic, Pierre Kim, who found the flaws, claims that three of the modules in the router firmware "are overall badly designed programs, executing tons of system() and running as root." TP-Link plans to release a new firmware in February 2017, patching all the vulnerabilities. Perhaps the worst aspect was that when Kim first contacted TP-Link by livechat he was told "there is no process to handle security problems in TP-Link routers" and the company refused to offer a point of contact for security issues. Ouch.

JANUARY 2017

Netgear routers buggy, yet again

CVE-2017-5521: Bypassing Authentication on NETGEAR Routers
By Simon Kenin of Trustwave   January 30, 2017
There are two bugs in Netgear routers that leak the administrator userid and password. These are not to be confused with the two sets of bugs in Netgear routers last month. Each of these bugs can be exploited from the LAN side and, if remote administration is enabled, also from the WAN/Internet side of the router. Remote Administration should be disabled by default. Still, there are at least ten thousand vulnerable devices that are remotely accessible.The bugs were first reported to Netgear in April 2016 and, to date, all the affected routers have still not been patched. There is a work-around however, enable password recovery. This is an option in the router that requires a secret question before divulging the router password. With password recovery enabled, all is well. On some routers, you can test if it is vulnerable with
  http://router/passwordrecovered.cgi?id=anythinghereworks
Getting patches issued was a long slog, obviously since it has taken 9 months. The first Netgear advisory listed 18 vulnerable devices. A second advisory listed an additional 25 models. As things stand now, there are 31 vulnerable models, 18 of which are patched. However, Trustwave warns that one of the models listed as not vulnerable (DGN2200v4) is, in fact, vulnerable. Ugh. Netgear now has a new procedure for handling reports about flaws in their software.

Thailand ISP ignores router flaws

Router vulnerabilities disclosed in July remain unpatched
by Michael Mimoso of Kaspersky Threatpost   January 17, 2017
The first sentence of this article is all you need to read: "Details on serious vulnerabilities in a number of routers freely distributed by a major Thai ISP were published on Monday after private disclosures made to the vendors in July went unanswered." As I say elsewhere on this site, don't use a router provided by your ISP. TrueOnline, the largest broadband company in Thailand, gives their customers three buggy routers: ZyXel P660HN-T v1, ZyXel P660HN-T v2 and Billion 5200 W-T. Multiple bugs (default admin accounts and command injection vulnerabilities) were found and disclosed by Pedro Ribeiro of Agile Information Security. Most of the vulnerabilities can be exploited remotely, some without authentication. It is likely that the same flaws exist in other ISP customized routers in other countries. A ZyXel representative told Threatpost the router models are no longer supported. Billion ignored a request for comment from Threatpost.

Feds Accuse D-Link of Failing to Properly Secure Routers and Webcams
by Chris Morran of consumerist.org   January 5, 2017
Federal regulators have accused D-Link of leaving its routers and webcam devices vulnerable to hackers. A lawsuit alleges that D-Link "failed to take reasonable steps to protect their routers and IP cameras from widely known and reasonably foreseeable risks of unauthorized access." D-Link is also accused of misleading the public about the security of their devices. This is the second time the FTC has gone after insecure routers. In February 2016, they went after Asus for their insecure routers. At least Asus took their medicine, D-Link, in contrast, cried foul.


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